Baetens, J. (Ed.). (2001). The graphic novel. Louvain, Belgium: Leuven UP.

Benton, Mike. (1989). The comic book in America: An illustrated history. Dallas, TX: Taylor Publishing Co.

Boatright, M.D. (2010). Graphic journeys: Graphic novels' representations of immigrant
experiences. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 53(6), 468-476.

Christensen, L. L. (2006). Graphic global conflict: Graphic novels in the high school social studies classroom. Social Studies, 97(6), 227.

Eisner, Will. (1985). Comics and sequential art: Principles and practices of the world’s most popular art form. Tamarac, FL: Poorhouse Press.

Garcia, J. (2006). Cartesian theater [Raster image]. Atlanta, GA. Retrieved from

Greening, C.R. (1944). Flying fortress [Illustration]. Carroll, IA. Retrieved from

Griffith, P.E. (2010). Graphic novels in the secondary classroom and school libraries.
Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 54(3), 181-189.

Gritche. (2005). Ange [Illustration]. Retrieved from

Hatfield, Charles. (2005). Alternative comics: An emerging literature. University Press of Mississippi.

Karp, J. (2011). The power of words and pictures: Graphic novels in education. American Libraries, 42(7/8), 33.

Karp, J. (2011). Using graphic novels in book clubs. Booklist, 107(14), 36.

Lent, J.A. (Ed.) (1999). Pulp demons: International dimensions of the post-war
anti-comics campaign. Cranbury, NJ: Associated UP.

Lewis, David A., & Hoff Kraemer, C. (Eds.) (2010). Graven images: Religion in comic
books and graphic novels. New York, NY: Continuum.

Moon, B. M. (2009). Classics revisited. School Library Journal, 55(7), 36.

National Association of Comics Art Educators (NACEA). Retrieved March 4, 2012 from,

Oropeza, B.J. (Ed.) (2005). The gospel according to superheroes: Religion and popular
culture. New York, NY: Peter Lang.

Peter, R. (1945). Boy reading at a table with a candle and a lamp [Photograph]. Germany. Retrieved from

Rick, J. (2011). Educate the educators about graphic novels: Five tips for success. Library Media Connection, 30(2), 34.

Schwarz, G. (2006). Expanding literacies through graphic novels. The English Journal,
95(6), 58-64.

Tabachnick, S.E. (Ed.) (2009). Teaching the graphic novel. New York, NY: The Modern
Language Association of America.

Tenniel, J. (1866). The mad tea party. In L. Carroll, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland [Wood Engraving]. United Kingdom, Macmillan. Retrieved from

Unknown. (1890). Early flight [Illustration]. Romanet, Paris. Retrieved from

Versaci, R. (2007). This book contains graphic language: Comics as literature. New
York, NY: Continuum.

Wolk, Douglas. (2007). What’s good about bad comics and what’s bad about good comics. In, Reading comics: How graphic novels work and what they mean (60-88). Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press.

Zanettin, F. (Ed.). (2008). Comics in translation. Manchester, UK: St. Jerome Publishing.